Damage from Magna 2020 quake.

In the aftermath of the March 18, 2020 earthquake centered in Magna, Utah that had amazingly minimal long-term effects, the unusual history of the largest tornado to ever hit Salt Lake City was republished.

Many of those who experienced this category F2 super-sized whirlwind. which ripped through downtown Salt Lake City on a crowded weekday lunch hour, credited Divine Intervention and Protection as the reason for their escape from death or injury on August 11, 1999. [1]

Magna Earthquake: Early Morning Shaking

Seismograph recording of Magna Utah magnitude 5.7 early morning earthquake

The magnitude 5.7 earthquake in Salt Lake City suburb Magna, Utah on Wednesday, March 18, 2020 at 7:09 a.m., was the largest earthquake in the Salt Lake City area since its founding in 1847. But although there was considerable damage to buildings (about $50M), there were no injuries and no deaths. [2]

Especially noteworthy was that the quake occurred at 7 a.m. when most residents were at home or just getting up and were not yet at their workplace, where significant damage occurred in mostly empty buildings.  Also, Magna was not the major business district that was in the center of Salt Lake City.

The most widely reported result of the quake was that that the trumpet of the Angel Moroni statue, high atop the pinnacle of the Salt Lake Temple, was shaken off the statue and fell onto the temple roof.[3]

The Angel Moroni statue as we have known it since its installation on the temple on April 6, 1892.
The iconic statue of the Angel Moroni shown here without trumpet after the March 18, 2020 earthquake.
The Angel Moroni statue being removed from temple pinnacle for repairs.

Reading the accounts of the Magna 2020 earthquake on ksl.com led me to study another unique natural event which happened just over 20 years ago.

Largest Tornado Ever to Hit Salt Lake City

On Wednesday, August 11, 1999 at 12:40 p.m. (lunch hour), a 150 mph, F2 magnitude tornado roared directly through the city’s crowded downtown area right by temple square and the new almost completed Conference Center.

Photograph of the tornado going right through the heart of temple square and by the almost completed Conference Center. The bright light is a power substation exploding.
Funnel cloud forms: Looking “to the east on North Temple Street … just west of Redwood Road.”
Illustration of path of tornado through downtown Salt Lake City.
This rare F2 tornado was aimed right at Temple Square in the center of SLC, and then veered north over the Conference Center site, ripping up trees and homes as it went, until it finally fizzled out as it moved uphill into the SLC avenues toward higher ground in the foothills of the mountains. 
Downtown SLC after tornado. The under construction Conference Center is in the foreground. It does seem to be missing the crane on the left hand section.

“It completely changed everything”

A 2019 KSL.com article entitled “It completely changed everything’: Remembering the Salt Lake City tornado 20 years later” by Carter Williams celebrated the 20th anniversary of the SLC tornado. This article was republished on ksl.com just after the Magna quake of March 18, 2020 with the following note.

“Editor’s note: This article is a part of a series reviewing Utah history for KSL.com’s Historic section.”[4]

Until I saw this article, reprinted on ksl.com after the Magna quake, I really did not know much about the tornado except some very general facts. I hope that you have as much fun reading about this very interesting super-whirlwind as I did!

Here is an online link to this excellent article on ksl.com—a great starting place–with many great pictures from a slide show that is attached to it. Wow, just look at the damage it caused!

You can easily understand why so many reported that they had miraculously escaped injury or death during those few minutes as the tornado roared past them. A slight adjustment in its course would be all it would take to change the outcome, making that result far worse.  

With the tornado destroying exhibits at the convention center parking lot, damaging the Delta Center basketball arena, and snapping a 200 foot crane which then fell onto the new Conference Center site, it also caused an electrical substation to explode. All-in-all, it caused an estimated 170 million dollars in damages. It was amazing that there was only one death, and about 100 injured, including only a few serious injuries,[5]

I also highly recommend going to this Salt Lake Tribune article for more great information and pictures, entitled “15-year anniversary of Salt Lake City tornado,” Click here.

Also, please look at the footnotes for this paragraph of text which references a now famous youtube video of a couple having a wedding video made just outside the temple as the tornado passed by—holding on to each other and anything they could grab to keep from being blown away, while staying close as possible to the temple door. [6]  [7]

Quicken our Pace … Lengthen our Stride

One of my favorite conferences is the April 1976 conference when President Spencer W. Kimball rallied the Church to action by continuing his admonition to quicken our pace and lengthen our stride.

President Spencer W. Kimball exemplified the quickened pace of the establishment of the Church and Kingdom of God, in this the dispensation of the fullness of time.

A wonderful thing about our day is that we are able to see the fulfillment of many prophecies and we can witness the faith, work of all kinds and the technical, scheduling and organizational processes necessary to do our part to bring those prophesies about—whether as singular or as multiple fulfillments of those prophecies.[8]

In order to participate in the myriad of interconnected revelations, promptings, studying them out in our minds, planning, following the procedures organized to a time schedule—all of these marvelous works and wonders are happening in our day.

Hastening the Lord’s Work

We must follow the lead of our Prophet, the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. There is still much to be done and there are real schedules and real deadlines to meet and work to accomplish in the Lord’s millennial plan.[9]

And, there are relatively still few laborers in the Lord’s vineyard. The Lord proclaimed in section 88 of the Doctrine and Covenants, the absolutely urgent need to quicken the pace on another great project, the building of the Kirtland Temple.

The dates on the revelation in the header are “December 27 and 28, 1832, and January 3, 1833.” Two deadline dates three years ahead are the dedication of the Kirtland Temple on March 27, 1836, and the special appearance of the Savior Jesus Christ, accompanied by Moses, Elias and Elijah on April 3, 1836, transmitting to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery the priesthood keys necessary for the full Restoration of all things, preparing  for the Lord’s coming in glory.

This scripture in Section 88 on hastening the Lord’s work is being emphasized today by the living Prophets and Apostles in the context of important days still ahead along with the tasks that yet need to be completed before the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.[10] 

“I will hasten my work in its time,” (D&C 88:73)

“Real priesthood power, the power to act in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, can come only through righteous living. Indeed, this is a time when the Lord is hastening His work.

“Let us each use this opportunity to reflect and improve our lives to better align with His will so that we may deserve the many blessings He has promised to the true and faithful. Brethren, thank you for all that you are doing to be a part of this magnificent work. May we go forward in this great and honored cause?”

President Gordon B. Hinckley: Conference Center and 100 Operating Temples

President Gordon B. Hinckley, so much like Spencer W. Kimball, did not slow down the pace. He accelerated it.

The Conference Center was started in 1997 and was nearing completion when the tornado arrived in 1999. It could have been damaged beyond reasonable repair and miss the dates in April and October 2000, then only months away, when it would be used for General Conference.[11]

President Gordon B. Hinckley.
Conference Center under construction.
Conference center sufficiently complete for 2000 General Conferences.

President Hinckley also proposed an accelerated building and dedication schedule for new temples and having 100 operating temples completed by the end of the millennial year 2000. By the time of the tornado in August 1999, the 58th operating temple, the Guayaquil Ecuador Temple, had just been dedicated on August 1, 1999 by President Gordon B. Hinckley.[12]

The Guayaquil Ecuador Temple.

The 100th operating temple, the Boston Massachusetts temple, was dedicated by President Gordon B. Hinckley on October 1, 2000–on time, just as prayed for, planned for and diligently worked for.

“Pray as though everything depended on God; work as though everything depended on you.” (A favorite quote of Brigham Young, attributed to St. Augustine) [13]

In spite of opposition along the way, and this nasty tornado in 1999, these important milestones in the progress of the Church were completed in time for the Millennial year 2000.

As we see in our day more and more of the fulfillment of last days prophecies, our understanding increases of the importance of accomplishing these goals necessary to continue the inspired progress of the Lord’s Church. It is the Lord’s timetable, not ours, that must be successfully completed on the way to the Second Coming. [14]

Kevin Eubank’s Second Day at KSL as a Weatherman

Kevin Eubank, son of super Utah weatherman Mark Eubank, was just that week beginning to work for KSL.[15]

Kevin Eubank KSLTV

“It was 20 years ago that KSL meteorologist Kevin Eubank recalls turning to a rooftop camera during an afternoon broadcast. He said it was his second day on television as a fill-in weatherman before he was eventually hired full time.”[16]

He looked at the outside camera showing the current weather outside the KSL studios. He was shocked.

“He initially thought the camera showed a microburst heading toward downtown Salt Lake — mainly because it’s Salt Lake and those aren’t out of the ordinary, unlike tornadoes. Seconds later, as he saw the rotation of the storm and power lines being snapped in the frame, he realized what it was.”

“All of a sudden, it completely changed everything,” he said. “Meteorologically speaking, it was an anomaly for Salt Lake City because there had been a notion with mountains surrounding us … you don’t get tornados here. This day, Aug. 11, 1999, kind of dispelled that and really provided a case study that, no, you can get tornadoes that form within mountains.”

First Hand Account: Joel Templeton

Joel Templeton is a good friend and my chiropractic physician. [17] 

As we talked about my researching the tornado because of a link that could be made with the Magna earthquake, Joel related the following true story about the tornado.

“On August 11, 1999 I was 24 years old working as a hard wood floor installer preparing to leave to chiropractic school in Dallas, Texas.   That morning we were finishing a job in Bountiful, Utah about 10 minutes away from where the tornado hit.  We finished the job around 12:15 and began to clean up.  My fellow crew members and I decided we were going to go to Crown Burger for lunch.  The Crown burger we wanted to go to, was the one in Downtown on North Temple right next to the Delta Center.   We finished cleaning up and were ready to leave around 12:30. We drove a few miles from the work site when we remembered we had forgotten some of our tools.  So, we turned around and went back to retrieve the missing tools.  We then began our drive back to Crown Burger.   

“As we drove past the refineries in North Salt Lake on I-15, we were in one of the most severe thunderstorms I had ever seen, up to that point in my life.  The truck I was driving had a trailer attached and it felt as if the trailer was going to pull the truck right off the road due to the strength of the wind.  Add to that the hail and the rain and it made for an exciting drive to Downtown.

“When we got to the Downtown area it looked like a bomb had gone off.  There were tree limbs broken everywhere.  Windows were broken on many buildings and just a total scene of chaos and destruction.  We also noticed how many people were outside with a look of shock and fear on their faces.  We decided to pull over and ask someone what had happened.  That is when we found out that we missed the tornado by about five minutes.  

“That five-minute difference was almost the exact time that it took us to turn around and go back to retrieve the tools we left behind.  There is no doubt in my mind that the tools that were left behind was a Divine Intervention.  Had we gone directly to the restaurant we would have been in the direct path of the tornado at the exact time it was hitting Downtown.  I had that thought almost immediately, that we had been protected that day from potential danger.  As I think back on this episode, I realize how this experience strengthens my testimony that we do have Divine Intervention in our lives from the Lord to guide us, direct us and even preserve us from a deadly tornado in a crowded downtown.”

Joel and Kirstin Templeton family.

Accounts worth Telling and Recording

I am hoping that the next time the 2020 earthquake or 1999 tornado comes up in a conversation that you and I might be better prepared to talk about these events than we were before. Because the quake and tornado seemed to project strong forces against the angel Moroni statue, analysis of the statue while it is down for repairs will likely reveal the amazing integrity and resilience of this statue, 127 years at the top of the great latter-day temple.  

It would be even better to then add our own experiences of promptings and warnings that we have received in our lives and the supernal results of following the promptings of the Holy Ghost.[18]

And, we should record those experiences, written, audio and/or video—at a pace we can keep up with, one episode at a time, one week/month/quarter/year—somehow on a regular basis.

[1] “2020 Utah Earthquake,” Wikipedia.org, retrieved 5/29/2020.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_Utah_earthquake ]

“Earthquake damage estimates hit $48.5 million, Salt Lake County officials say”. Deseret News. April 9, 2020.

https://www.deseret.com/utah/2020/4/9/21213767/earthquake-damage-millions-salt-lake-county-5-7-magnitude ]

“2 News: Breaking News,” youtube.com video, March 18, 2020.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fo4nuF6X02A ]

Some who were interviewed thought that the building they were in was about to fall apart and crush them. But, fortunately, no one was crushed by falling material in spite of the estimated almost $50 million in damage from the quake.

“5.7 magnitude earthquake hits Utah,” usatoday.com, 3/18/2020.

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/03/18/utah-earthquake-5-7-magnitude-earthquake-hits-utah/2863406001/ ]

Carter Williams, “It completely changed everything’: Remembering the Salt Lake City tornado 20 years later,” KSL.com | Posted – Aug. 8, 2019 at 7:01 p.m.

https://www.ksl.com/article/46613489/it-completely-changed-everything-remembering-the-salt-lake-city-tornado-20-years-later ]

[2] “Science of the Magnitude 5.7 Magna, Utah earthquake #GeoNews #UTDGSS, March 29, 2020.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6R6FTQnR3U ]

Pat Reavy, “5.7 magnitude earthquake hits near Magna, shakes entire Wasatch Front :

Utah’s largest quake in 28 years was followed by dozens of aftershocks,” Deseret News, March 18, 2020.

https://www.deseret.com/utah/2020/3/18/21184993/5-7-earthquake-utah-magna-wasatch-front-salt-lake-city ]

“Emergency officials called it the largest earthquake in Utah since a 5.9 magnitude quake hit St. George in 1992. And they estimated that about 2.8 million people felt the shaking on Wednesday.The “best news of the day” for Salt Lake County Mayor Jenny Wilson is that there were no reports of injuries or fatalities. And many expressed relief that the damage wasn’t worse.“I’m shocked at how minimal it was. A lot of facades have fallen and there’s a lot of brick damage. But the insides appear, so far, to be OK,” said Trish Hull, Magna’s mayor pro tem.”

Brandon Specktor, “A magnitude 5.7 earthquake just slammed Utah, the state’s largest in nearly 30 year,” March 18, 2020.

https://www.deseret.com/utah/2020/4/9/21213767/earthquake-damage-millions-salt-lake-county-5-7-magnitude ]

“The quake damaged the iconic Salt Lake Temple, causing the angel Moroni to drop his golden trumpet.”

[3] “Magna Utah Earthquake,” Deseret News, March 18, 2020.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L08z611LeyI ]

This Youtube.com video shows some good shots of the damage to the Angel Moroni Statue.

Ronald P. Millett, “Angel Moroni Statue Removed from Salt Lake Temple for Repair: Yet another Strong Tremor Shakes Mountain West,” Meridian Magazine, May 20, 2020.

https://latterdaysaintmag.com/angel-moroni-statue-removed-from-salt-lake-temple-for-repair-yet-another-strong-tremor-shakes-mountain-west/ ]

“Angel Moroni Statue and Capstone Removed from Salt Lake Temple,” ChurchofJesusChrist.org Newsroom, May 18, 2020.

https://newsroom.churchofjesuschrist.org/article/angel-moroni-statue-and-capstone-removed-from-salt-lake-temple ]

” Earthquake assessment, seismic upgrade and foundation strengthening part of renovation.”

“Moroni was a prophet in the Book of Mormon. He played a significant role in the life of Joseph Smith, the first prophet and president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The placement of a statue of Moroni blowing a trumpet atop many temples is a symbol of the Church’s mission to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ to the world.”

[4]  Carter Williams, “It completely changed everything’: Remembering the Salt Lake City tornado 20 years later,” KSL.com | Posted – Aug. 8, 2019 at 7:01 p.m.

https://www.ksl.com/article/46613489/it-completely-changed-everything-remembering-the-salt-lake-city-tornado-20-years-later ]

RPMNote: This article and the following report are a great place to start learning about this tornado event.

“Utah’s Tornados and Waterspouts – 1847 to Present: Salt Lake City Tornado August 11, 1999,” National Weatther Service Forcast Office,

https://web.archive.org/web/20070819074918/http://newweb.wrh.noaa.gov/slc/climate/tornado.php ]

“On August 11, 1999, an F2 tornado touched down in the metropolitan area of Salt Lake City. The tornado lasted ten minutes and killed one person, injured more than 80 people, and caused more than $170 million in damages. It was the most destructive tornado in Utah’s history, and awakened the entire state’s population to the fact that the Beehive State does experience tornadoes. Generally speaking, atmospheric conditions are rarely favorable for the development of tornadoes in Utah due to its dry climate and mountainous terrain.”

[5] Church Headquarters Sustains Minor Tornado Damage,” News of the Church. the Ensign, November 1999.

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/ensign/1999/10/news-of-the-church/church-headquarters-sustains-minor-tornado-damage?lang=eng ]

“The tornado’s center passed north and west of Temple Square but slammed into the construction site of the newly named Conference Center across the street and snapped a 200-foot crane, which fell onto the structure. The storm then ripped huge old trees from the grounds of the State Capitol and Memory Grove, a park in City Creek Canyon, continuing its northeastern path into a residential area known as the Avenues before lifting off the ground. Some 300 homes were damaged, about 40 of those left uninhabitable. More than 150 people were injured, with about 50 being treated at local hospitals. Many of the injured were Latter-day Saints.”

Michael Janofsky, “Tornado Damages Downtown Salt Lake City; 1 Is Killed and Many Are Hurt,” NY Times, August 12, 1999.

https://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/12/us/tornado-damages-downtown-salt-lake-city-1-is-killed-and-many-are-hurt.html ]

“Unusual atmospheric conditions just west of the Rocky Mountains produced a tornado today that ripped through Salt Lake City, killing one person, injuring more than 100 others and damaging numerous buildings downtown.

While meteorologists described the twister as a rare event for Utah and as relatively benign, compared with tornadoes that typically tear through the Midwest, it was nonetheless the first in Utah to cause a death.

‘’In all my years in Salt Lake City, I’ve never seen anything like it,;’ Mayor Deedee Corridini said.”

“The Salt Lake City police identified the dead man as Allen Crandey of Las Vegas, Nev., who died after a steel beam fell on him. The police said that many were treated at the scene for and that 70 people were treated at hospitals. As many as 15 of those were in serious condition, the police said.”

[6] Wedding day video, youtube.com, copyright final touch film, finaltouchfilm.com, August 11, 1999.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UhigIe6kzS4 ]

40 seconds into video, the wind picks up …

Funnel cloud forming 1:02 into video

2:44 all running for cover as best they can find and showing the fiercely flapping flagpole. Participants now recognize it as a tornado.

3:06 showing blowing above the roof of tabernacle

3:22 showing debris between temple and tabernacle.

3:37 tornado is starting to shred the flag

4:13 everyone getting as close to the temple door as they can, holding hands and frequent screams. The flag continues to be shredded.

>>> The Angel Moroni statue must have experienced serious forces on it at this point    >>> Wow!

5:26 – about done. Wow, great spur of the moment reporting from the finaltouchfilm.com crew!! They just kept on recording as the wind speed and danger headed up rapidly. They didn’t just toss their equipment and run. Kudos to their video team!! It looked like it might have become hard to keep recording and fall over getting blown away and tripping and getting hurt. Great that they didn’t get seriously injured keeping the video going. 

RPMNote: And, what might be the common element between the tornado and the Magna quake? I would think that it would be that very sturdy, over one ton Angel Moroni statue, blown around by high speed winds in the tornado in 1999 and just enough shaking forces to cause the trumpet to break off in the 2020 earthquake in Magna, ten miles away. Hopefully, we will get to see some of the engineering report on the current status of the statue as it was taken down for repairs and eventually will be refurbished and reinstalled—always part of the plan anyway as was noted when the statue was removed..

That statue had survived 127 years high on the pinnacle of the temple.. I think that we’ll see some metal fatigue, perhaps significant cracking in some places, perhaps bolts or other connectors breaking due to the stresses of many years. I also think that report will add yet another testimony as to the importance of this wonderful, very durable, prominent symbol of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Moroni sounding the trumpet for all to hear urging us to believe in the Restoration of Jesus Christ’s true Church and the fullness of the Lord’s Gospel..

[7] Gretel Kauffman,” Salt Lake City’s ‘tornado baby’ celebrates her 20th birthday,” August 10, 2019.

https://www.deseret.com/utah/2019/8/11/20803598/salt-lake-city-s-tornado-baby-celebrates-her-20th-birthday#megan-marshall-known-as-the-tornado-baby-will-celebrate-her-20th-birthday ]

Here is a good article about a now 20 year old girl born in the hospital while the tornado went past, on emergency generator power in the hospital, 

Ed Yeates, “Remembering Salt Lake City’s tornado 10 years later.” Ksl.com, Aug. 10, 2009 at 10:07 p.m.

https://www.ksl.com/article/7487401 ]

[8] Ronald P. Millstt, “The Stone Cut without Hands: The Accelerating Growth of the Kingdom of God,”

Meridian Magazine, December 5, 2016.

https://latterdaysaintmag.com/the-stone-cut-without-hands-the-accelerating-growth-of-the-kingdom-of-god/ ]

[9] Ronald P. Millett, “A Most Unlikely Small Earthquake Coordinated With Other Unlikely Events,” Meridien Magazine, April 1, 2020.

https://latterdaysaintmag.com/a-most-unlikely-small-earthquake-coordinated-with-other-unlikely-events/  ]

“Watch Out for Interpretations of Last-days Signs NOT Guided by Living Prophets

“A favorite well documented story from my research is one of the most powerful I have encountered about the need to follow our modern Prophet. The account contrasts the Prophet Joseph Smith with Baptist preacher and Adventist William Miller in their interpretation of the Great Leonid Meteor Storm seen in the early morning of November 13, 1833 and witnessed by millions of people. Joseph Smith prophesied beforehand the exact day when the meteor storm would light up the early morning sky with over 100,000 meteors per hour streaking across the sky. After witnessing the storm himself, Joseph Smith declared it to be a true sign and a fulfillment of Biblical prophecy. However, he said, this storm was not the only night when the stars would fall from heaven preceding the Lord’s Second Coming. Baptist minister William Miller also proclaimed this a true sign, and the only meteor storm that would come. He then calculated that the Lord’s Second Coming would happen by 1844. Joseph Smith also sought for additional revelation from the Lord and the answer is recorded in section 130 of the Doctrine and Covenants. This answer, along with his study and prayer, motivated Joseph Smith’s strong negative response to the Millerites and the little success that they had when they visited Nauvoo, This “Great Disappointment” affected millions of Christians when the Lord’s Second Coming did not happen as Miller said it would. Just seeing how devastating a misinterpretation of last-days signs can be from the example of William Miller and his followers, then shouldn’t we turn to our living Prophets and Apostles when trying to understand these signs?”

“Nothing is a better example of one set of those signs than the notoriously unpredictable and very numerous earthquakes across the world—some of which are true signs that we need to pay attention to.”

[10] Ronald A. Rasband, “Behold! A Royal Army,” General Conference, April 2018.

By Elder

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/2018/04/behold-a-royal-army?lang=eng ]

Russell M. Nelson, “Thus shall my Church be called,” General Conference April 1990.

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/1990/04/thus-shall-my-church-be-called?lang=eng ]

“The divine promise is being fulfilled that this restored “gospel shall be preached unto every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people.” (D&C 133:37.)

“Political changes have occurred recently in many countries. Previous restrictions of personal liberties have been relieved. The shell of spiritual confinement has been shattered. Swelling shouts of freedom fill the air. Surely the hand of the Lord is apparent. He said, ‘I will hasten my work in its time’ (D&C 88:73), and that time of hastening is now.”

Harold B. Lee, “Watch that ye may be ready,” General Conference April 1971.

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/1971/10/watch-that-ye-may-be-ready?lang=eng ]

“We are witnessing a great expansion of the work of the Church throughout the world. It would seem that the early revelations of the Lord to the Church pointed us to a preparation for this day, when he promised:

“ ‘Behold, and lo, I will take care of your flocks [meaning, of course, the congregations of Church members], and will raise up elders and send unto them. Behold, I will hasten my work in its time.’ (D&C 88:72–73.)

“During the past several months we have spent much time in countries of the Far East and in the European countries, where we have been brought face to face with large congregations of our members and with others not of our faith.”

[11] “”Gordon B. Hinckley,” BYU Speeches, retrieved 6/2/2020.

https://speeches.byu.edu/speakers/gordon-b-hinckley/ ]

Church Newsroom, “ For a Decade, Magnificent Conference Center Has Provided Venue for General Conference,”” April 2010.

https://newsroom.churchofjesuschrist.org/article/for-a-decade-magnificent-conference-center-has-provided-venue-for-general-conference ]

[12] “Temple chronology,” retrieved 6’/2/2020.

https://churchofjesuschristtemples.org/temples/chronology/ ]

[13] “Viewpoint: Miracles Confirm Faith,” Church News, January 31, 2016.

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/church/news/viewpoint-miracles-confirm-faith?lang=eng ]

[14] “Conference Cener – LDS Church,” Wikipedia.org, retrieved 5/25/2020.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conference_Center_(LDS_Church) ]

Completed in 2000, the 21,000-seat Conference Center replaced the traditional use of the nearby Salt Lake Tabernacle, built in 1868, for semi-annual LDS Church General Conference and major church gatherings, devotionals, and other events. It is believed to be the largest theater-style auditorium ever built.

Opened: April 2000

Location: 60 W. North Temple; Salt Lake City,

“Boston Massachusetts Temple, Wikipedia.org, retrieved 5/25/2020.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Massachusetts_Temple ]

“The Boston Massachusetts Temple is located in the Boston suburb of Belmont, Massachusetts and was dedicated for use on October 1, 2000. When LDS Church president Gordon B. Hinckley announced the building of small temples in April 1998, he also spoke of a goal to have 100 temples built by the end of 2000. The Boston Massachusetts Temple marked the completion of that goal.”

“A Milestone in Church History”: 100 Temples,”

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/ensign/2000/11/news-of-the-church/a-milestone-in-church-history-100-temples?lang=eng ]

“President Gordon B. Hinckley dedicated the Boston Massachusetts Temple, the 100th operating temple of the Church, in four sessions on 1 October 2000.”

RPMNote: More interesting sites to study:

https://www.deseret.com/utah/2019/8/11/20803598/salt-lake-city-s-tornado-baby-celebrates-her-20th-birthday#megan-marshall-known-as-the-tornado-baby-will-celebrate-her-20th-birthday-on-aug-11-2019-the-anniversary-of-the-tornado-that-hit-salt-lake-city-in-1999-marshall-was-born-at-lds-hospital-just-as-the-tornado-hit-she-is-currently-serving-a-mission-in-the-philippines ]

“15 facts about tornadoes in Utah,” Deseret News, no longer online, picture of SLC in aftermath

“1999 Salt Lake city tornado,” Wikipedia.org, Retrieved 4/10/2020.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Salt_Lake_City_tornado ]

“The 1999 Salt Lake City tornado was a relatively rare tornado that occurred in Salt Lake City, Utah on August 11, 1999.”

Note for picture from wikipedia: The Salt Lake City Tornado of 1999 as it rips through downtown; the orange fireball is a power substation exploding upon contact with the tornado.

Facts about Tornado:

Formed              August 11, 1999 12:41 p.m. MDT (18:41 UTC)
Duration            14 minutes
Dissipated          August 11, 1999 12:55 p.m. MDT (18:55 UTC)
Max. rating        F2 tornado (113-157 mph with considerable damage)
Damage             $172 million USD
Casualties          1 fatality, 100+ injuries
Areas affected     Downtown Salt Lake City

“Michael Janofsky, “Tornado Damages Downtown Salt Lake City; 1 Is Killed and Many Are Hurt,” nytimes.com.

Aug. 12, 1999.

https://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/12/us/tornado-damages-downtown-salt-lake-city-1-is-killed-and-many-are-hurt.html ]

“The Salt Lake City police identified the dead man as Allen Crandey of Las Vegas, Nev., who died after a steel beam fell on him. The police said that many were treated at the scene for and that 70 people were treated at hospitals. Aug 12, 1999.”

RPMNote: How easy it would be to have many others to have the same fate as Allen Crandey. Look at the damage caused along the tornado path and the crowded downtown area full of things that could fall on you. But, that is not what is described here: Minimal damage, only one death, minimal injury

 “Utah’s big earthquake: Buildings damaged, but no major injuries, as state braces for days of aftershocks,” SLTribune,

https://www.sltrib.com/news/2020/03/18/earthquake-hits-utahs/ ]

Quake no injuries or deaths

“Magna Utah Earthquake 2020,” livescience.com, retrieved 6/2/2020.

https://www.livescience.com/magna-utah-earthquake-2020.html ]

“Utah Earthquake 5.7 Magnitude earthquake hits Utah,” usatoday.com, 3/18/2020.

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/03/18/utah-earthquake-5-7-magnitude-earthquake-hits-utah/2863406001/ ]

“5.7 Magnitude earthquake jolts the state Utah no casualties reported,” thestatesman.com. Retrieved 6/2/2020.

https://www.thestatesman.com/world/5-7-magnitude-earthquake-jolts-us-state-utah-no-casualties-reported-1502867457.html ] showing on a seismograph for the Magna quake. 

Ronald P. Millett, “The Angel Moroni’s Ongoing Role in the Restoration: Dramatically Announced by an Earthquake,” Meridian Magazine, April 14, 2020.

https://latterdaysaintmag.com/the-angel-moronis-ongoing-role-in-the-restoration-dramatically-announced-by-an-earthquake/ ]

Carter Williams, “It completely changed everything: remembering the salt lake city tornado–20 years later,” ksl.com, 8/8/2019,

https://www.ksl.com/article/46613489/it-completely-changed-everything-remembering-the-salt-lake-city-tornado-20-years-later ]

>>> this note is why I suggest starting your reading right here–RPMNote >>>

“Editor’s note [from ksl.com]: This article is a part of a series reviewing Utah history for KSL.com’s Historic section.”

Jody Genessy, “1999 Tornado still seems a freaky thing,”,deseretnews.com August 11, 2004.


[15] KSLTV.com

https://ksltv.com/our-team-members/kevin-eubank/ ]

[16] Carter Williams, “It completely changed everything: remembering the salt lake city tornado–20 years later,” ksl.com, 8/8/2019,

https://www.ksl.com/article/46613489/it-completely-changed-everything-remembering-the-salt-lake-city-tornado-20-years-later ]

[17] Email from Joel Templeton, May 8, 2020.

Joel Templeton DC

Spinal Rehab of North County

Pleasant Grove, Utah.

[18] Henry B. Eyring, “O Remember Remember,” October 2007.

https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/2007/10/o-remember-remember?lang=eng \

““O remember, remember,” Book of Mormon prophets often implored. My point is to urge you to find ways to recognize and remember God’s kindness.”