Human beings experience all kinds of attraction that can complicate our lives and compromise our salvation. Same-gender attraction is only one of those dangerous attractions. We must be aware of all kinds of attraction that can interfere with our life’s goals.

In my counseling practice I have worked with married men attracted to their secretaries, married women attracted to their neighbors, adults attracted to children, men attracted to men, women attracted to women, therapists attracted to their clients and teenagers attracted to practically everybody.

Each of these types of attraction differs in some way. Yet, those who wish to manage their attraction and to avoid acting on that attraction, often benefit from the same wise practices.

The Cause of Attraction

Attraction is not as mysterious as we might imagine. We might think attraction is arbitrary, that we have absolutely no control over whom we find attractive. In fact, the cause of attraction is relatively easy to pinpoint. We can become attracted to someone because they appeal to us physically. We can also become attracted to someone because they appeal to us emotionally, sometimes leading to a desire for a physical connection.

Physically attractive people are often people whose faces possess great symmetry and whose bodies are in proportion. From an evolutionary perspective, women with physical characteristics that would hint at capable child-bearing become attractive to men who desire to become fathers. Men who look like they could overpower a saber-tooth tiger will often be attractive to women wanting protection.

Physical characteristics may not make the greatest contribution to attraction, however. When I assess a couple coming in for counseling, I ask what attracted them to one another in the first place. Sometimes the attraction was purely physical, but more often they were attracted to one another because they “clicked.” “We have the same sense of humor.” “He understood me like no one ever had before.”   “I could tell that she cared.” “We have so much in common.” “We have the same goals,” they say.

Business professionals will often teach salesmen the way to bond with a customer is to find something that you have in common (whether it’s true or not!) Feeling like someone shares your world view, or your experiences will make them very attractive to you. Obviously, emotional connection does not lead to a desire for physical connection in every instance, but when it does, the feelings mandate attention.

Avoiding Attraction

Whether attraction is first physical or first emotional, it’s relatively easy to avoid an inappropriate attraction, and even easier to avoid acting on an initial attraction. Emotional attraction will not occur unless a conversation takes place that is more than casual. You’re not going to become emotionally attracted to someone you know little or nothing about. For example, if a boss takes his secretary to lunch and they only talk about business, he probably won’t find himself attracted to her emotionally. However, if he begins to talk about the problems in his marriage and she sounds infinitely sympathetic, attraction will be sparked.

Therefore, to avoid a risky emotional attraction, intimate conversations should be restricted to safe people. If a boss needs advice about his marriage, a single woman is the last place he will want to look for that advice. Casual conversations about sports, restaurants, movies, can be relatively innocuous. But when you begin to share feelings, the risk of attraction increases.

Should an individual find himself becoming attracted to someone because he shared a little more than was safe, it’s time to flee. The person might be mystified at suddenly receiving the cold shoulder after an intimate conversation but that is the only safe way to avoid further attraction. Further intimate conversations will lead to greater attraction.

Physical Attraction

Physical attraction may occur in an instant, but it grows because we feed it. If a young man is attracted to someone he spots in the locker room, the smartest thing to do is avert his eyes and check his thoughts. Physical attraction grows when the initial attraction is fed with daydreams and fantasies. A young man who ponders the abs and the biceps of the object of his affection will exacerbate the attraction without uttering a single word.

Rather than pondering the physical characteristics of the person that constitutes a dangerous attraction, it’s helpful to consider the entire person, not simply their body parts. A woman is not simply an assembly of breasts and buttocks. She is a daughter, perhaps a professional, perhaps an athlete, perhaps an artist, perhaps a mother, perhaps a wife. She has feelings. She is real. If you cut her she bleeds. She can get hurt. It’s harder to exploit a person than it is to exploit a body part. Therefore, if the body part becomes a person, the attraction may turn to respect or compassion. Allowing the person to be fully human makes it harder to use them for physical pleasure.

Helping Youth Manage Attraction

Youth with inappropriate attractions frequently have unmet emotional needs. They may feel insecure, lonely, inadequate, lost, confused, angry, depressed. Anybody who comes along to meet those needs, male or female, older or younger, will be embraced. Youth who “pour their hearts out” to a stranger on the internet may feel attraction to someone they have never met. Therefore, when a young person appears unhappy, it’s important to conscientiously address the cause of that unhappiness, rather than dismiss it with thoughts like, “It’s just a stage,” “It will pass.”

It’s also extremely important to help youth see one another as whole human beings, not just a collection of body parts. Because adolescents are changing so rapidly, and their new bodies often surprise them. They may want to celebrate their new bodies and show them off in exhibitionistic ways. We need to help youth see themselves, as well as others, as whole individuals, with magnificent bodies designed to help them fulfill their purpose in life, a purpose that requires a mind, a personality, their entire soul.

JeaNette Goates Smith is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Jacksonville, Florida. Her latest book is Unsteady Dating: Resisting the Rush to Romance available at